PhD program
Biophysics

Biophysics

QUALIFICATION

  • Scientific and pedagogical direction - Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

MODEL OF GRADUATING STUDENT

ON1. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of biophysical processes; it is reasoned to prove theoretical propositions explaining the physicochemical regularities of the phenomena under study in the living;
ON 2. To be able to conduct research on a scientific problem in order to create new theories explaining the biophysical patterns under study and to introduce the results of their scientific research into production;
ON 3. Participate in the development of new modern experimental methods of biophysical research;
ON 4. Identify the scientific scientific nature of the problems arising in the course of research and use the appropriate physico-mathematical apparatus to solve them to analyze biophysical processes and phenomena;
ON 5. Develop modern experimental diagnostic methods for biophysical research;
ON 6. Use modern multimedia, information and communication technologies and capabilities of computer equipment, as well as domestic and foreign experience in the study of biological processes and phenomena;
ON 7. Conduct independent research, interpretation of their results, and make a personal contribution to the development of this area of science and production;
ON 8. To be able to carry out pedagogical activity, conducting studies in higher education institutions, providing guidance for master’s and doctoral dissertations, developing relevant teaching and methodological documentation, publishing educational and teaching aids.
ON 9. To analyze and examine the presented research results, documents, materials describing the activities on the issues to be checked and evaluated, to formulate and substantiate the conclusions on the subject of examination;
10. To have the ability to critically analyze, evaluate facts and synthesize new ideas, obtained in the area of their competence, discuss the results of their own research with the general public;
ON 11. Work in a team with ethical and legal norms, focusing on the principles of protecting human health and nature, as well as build effective cooperation with colleagues to achieve professional goals and be able to create the conditions for the development of the creative abilities of the individual;
ON 12. Demonstrate creative originality, observing high moral and ethical standards, creative thinking in carrying out activities in a particular area and show their high competitive ability in building the trajectory of their professional growth and development throughout their professional career.

Program passport

Speciality Name
Biophysics
Speciality Code
8D05103
Faculty
Biology and Biotechnology

disciplines

Academic writing
  • Number of credits - 2
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - Aim of the subject: to develop practical skills of writing academic texts for doctoral students in order to present the results of their work in the form of reports, reviews, scientific reports and publications in rating publications indexed in Scopus with a non-zero SJR that meet the criteria of non-predatory publications. Within the discipline, doctoral students improve their skills in analyzing and presenting of scientific information in various forms (report, review, article); learn to structure, format, select the style and language of describing research results in order to publish research materials in the form of scientific articles in ranked scientific journals, taking into account the peculiarities of writing scientific articles in English; master the methodology of writing a doctoral dissertation; develop the methodology for writing and issuing research grants in priority areas in the field of biophysic and related fields. Also, learn to create the design of scientific research in accordance with the ethical principles and norms of the scientific publication process.

PhD thesis writing and defence
  • Number of credits - 12
  • Type of control - Докторская диссертация
  • Description - The main purpose of "PhD thesis writing and defence": of a doctoral dissertation is the formation of the doctoral students' ability to disclose the content of research work for the defense of the thesis. During the study of course, doctoral student's should be competent in: 1. to substantiate the content of new scientifically grounded theoretical and experimental results that allow to solve a theoretical or applied problem or are a major achievement in the development of specific scientific directions; 2. explain the assessment of the completeness of the solutions to the tasks assigned, according to the specifics of the professional sphere of activity; 3. they can analyze alternative solutions for solving research and practical problems and assess the prospects for implementing these options; 4. apply the skills of writing scientific texts and presenting them in the form of scientific publications and presentations. 5. to plan and structure the scientific search, clearly highlight the research problem, develop a plan / program and methods for its study, formalize, in accordance with the requirements of the State Educational Establishment, the scientific and qualification work in the form of a thesis for a scientific degree Doctor of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) on specialty «8D07502 – Standardization and certification (by industry)». During the study of the discipline doctoral student will learn following aspects: Registration of documents for presentation of the thesis for defense. Information card of the dissertation and registration-registration card (in the format Visio 2003). Extract from the minutes of the meeting of the institution, in which the preliminary defense of the thesis took place. Cover letter to the Higher Attestation Commission. Expert conclusion on the possibility of publishing the author's abstract. Expert opinion on the possibility of publishing a dissertation. Minutes of the meeting of the counting commission. Bulletin for voting. A shorthand record of the meeting of the dissertational council. List of scientific papers. Response of the official opponent. A review of the leading organization. The recall of the scientific adviser.

Scientific Research methods
  • Number of credits - 3
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - Aim of the subject: to form the ability to apply modern methods and methodologies of scientific research in the performance of doctoral dissertation work. This subject deals with methods and methodologies of scientific research; modern experimental approaches to scientific research of a doctoral student; stages and principles of planning a scientific experiment; features of using biological objects in a biophysical experiment and selection of modern chemical, mathematical, physical and biological research methods that can solve the aim of experimental work; experimental approaches to the study of biophysics’ objects at the molecular level; advances in the use of molecular methods in the study of biological objects; the specificity of computer simulation in scientific research; rules for the implementation of the experiment, processing and interpretation of results.

Theoretical Biophysics
  • Number of credits - 5
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is to form theoretical knowledge of the main sections of biophysics, and to provide a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding the nature of biological phenomena, to substantiate and discuss the problems of mathematical modeling of biological processes at different levels of living organization. Discipline examines the physical characteristics, dynamic and electronic properties of the structural unit of the living - macromolecules, physical and chemical mechanisms of energy transformation in biostructures. As a result of studying the discipline, the student will be able to: 1. describe the main methods of biophysics; 2. explain the specifics and organize the conduct of biophysical research; 3. to classify research methods in biophysics; 4. substantiate the role and importance of biophysical approaches in the study of living things; 5. to conduct biophysical research relevant for the formation of experimental skills among doctoral students The discipline is aimed at mastering the theory and practice of using modern samples of high-tech physical and chemical equipment necessary for biophysical research, its application in medicine, clinical laboratories, research institutions.

Thermodynamics of Biological Processes
  • Number of credits - 5
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is the formation of a systemic understanding of biophysical processes, the ability to reasonably prove theoretical propositions explaining the nature of the general patterns of energy conversion in the form of heat and work between different biosystems. Discipline is aimed at studying the thermodynamics of irreversible processes in biological systems, changing entropy and information. As a result of studying the discipline, the doctoral candidate will be able to: 1. to characterize the phenomena under study, using the basic principles and methods of thermodynamics; 2. explain the specifics of the organization and conduct of their research from the standpoint of thermodanimics; 3. to classify the thermodynamic research methods used in biophysics; 4. to justify the role and importance of thermodynamic approaches in the study of living things; 5. conduct biophysical research relevant to the formation of experimental skills of doctoral students using the methods of kinetic modeling, the studied phenomena using IT-technologies. The course introduces the basic principles of thermodynamics, discusses the types of thermodynamic systems, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the kinetics of biological processes, the essence of the equilibrium change in entropy rate in open systems when forming a stationary state, Prigogine's theorem and the threshold of its application, Boltzmann formula for determining entropy and position

Data for 2019-2022 years

disciplines

Electromagnetic fields and wildlife
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is the formation of a systemic understanding of the biophysical mechanisms of action of electromagnetic fields on living organisms, the ability to prove convincingly theoretical propositions explaining the nature of the general laws of the action of electromagnetic fields on different biosystems. As a result of studying the discipline, the doctoral candidate will be able to: 1. to characterize the phenomena under study, using knowledge and ideas about the properties and sources of electromagnetic fields; 2. explain the specifics of the electromagnetic field on biological objects; 3. to classify electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic waves to substantiate the research methods used in biophysics; 4. to substantiate the methods of studying the action of electromagnetic waves and fields on living systems; 5. reasonably explain the mechanisms of action of electromagnetic fields and waves on the membranes of membranes, on the structure of the blood, on the activity of the brain, etc .; 6. to conduct biophysical research relevant to the formation of experimental skills of doctoral students using IT-technologies. The course introduces the electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic waves, the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, sources of electromagnetic waves, the characteristics of the action of electromagnetic waves on biomembranes, the effects on the blood structure, the mechanisms of action of the electromagnetic field on the electrical activity of the brain on behavior living organism.

Fractality as a mechanism of self-organization in Nature
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline - to form the ability to describe and evaluate the processes of self-organization of biosystems of different levels of complexity based on ideas about the mechanisms ensuring the evolution of sustainable living systems based on the analysis of stable dynamic stationary states of these systems. As a result of studying the discipline, students will be able to: 1. Describe stable stationary states and bifurcation points; 2. Explain the specifics and principles of the formation of fractals; 3. Master the understanding of the mechanisms of evolution of dynamic systems and fractal structures; 4. Justify the need for management techniques (regulation) of body functions based on the concepts of dynamic stationary states and fractal structures; 5. Conduct research relevant to the experimental study of the evolution of the fractal organization of biosystems. Discipline is aimed at studying: fractality and nonequilibrium dynamic state, bifurcation points, biosystems openness, mathematical modeling of their behavior and development. The training course forms a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding the nature and mechanisms of self-organization of living systems.

Free-radical processes in Biology
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is to develop an understanding of the role of free radicals in the vital activity of the cells of the body for the analysis, determination and assessment of the functional state of a biosystem in normal and pathological conditions. As a result of studying the discipline, the student will be able to: 1. describe the main sources of free radicals in living systems, both endogenous and exogenous; 2. explain the specific mechanisms of cell damage by free radicals; 3. classify foreign and natural radicals, and be able to analyze their participation in biochemical enzymatic and non-enzymatic physiological processes; 4. to justify the role and importance of free radicals in the reactions of biosynthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, regulation of lipid metabolism, mitosis, and metabolism; biophysical approaches in the study of the living; 5. based on an analysis of the metabolism in the cells of the body, develop recommendations for the prevention of "overload" by free radicals and peroxides. Discipline introduces the basic principles of the emergence of alien and natural radicals, their participation in biochemical enzymatic and non-enzymatic physiological processes, in biosynthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, regulation of lipid metabolism, mitosis, and metabolism. The mechanisms of cell damage by free radicals that cause some forms of cardiovascular diseases are described: ischemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and recommendations are given to prevent overloading by free radicals and peroxides.

Mechanisms of intercellular and intermembrane interaction
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is the formation and development of a deep understanding of the essence of membrane processes by doctoral students, allowing to evaluate and determine the mechanisms of both the transfer of molecules through membranes and the mechanisms of generation of biopotentials in the body. Discipline introduces the basics of the structure and functions of biological membranes, describes the biochemical features of the membranes of various organs and tissues of the body, special attention is paid to the processes of bioenergy, free radical phenomena, processes of catabolism and anabolism, the mechanisms of transfer of protons, electrons flowing also with the absorption of light, membrane transport systems : Na / K-ATPase, Ca-ATPase, regulation of ATPase activity. H-ATPase. A classification of transport proteins based on their mechanism of action and energy is given, primary and secondary active carriers, etc. are described. As a result of studying the discipline, the doctoral candidate will be able to: 1. to characterize the structure and functions of biological membranes, to reveal the biochemical features of the membranes of various organs and tissues of the body; 2. explain the specifics of catabolism and anabolism, the mechanisms of proton, electron transfer, membrane transport systems; 3. to classify transport proteins, based on the mechanism of their action and energy, 4. to justify the role and importance of membrane transport systems: Na / K-ATPase, Ca-ATPase, regulation of ATPase activity. N-ATPase; 5. to conduct a biophysical study of membrane processes, relevant for the formation of experimental skills of doctoral students using IT-technologies. Discipline introduces the basics of the structure and functions of biological membranes, describes the biochemical features of the membranes of various organs and tissues of the body, special attention is paid to the processes of bioenergy, free radical phenomena, processes of catabolism and anabolism, the mechanisms of transfer of protons, electrons flowing also with the absorption of light, membrane transport systems : Na / K-ATPase, Ca-ATPase, regulation of ATPase activity. H-ATPase. A classification of transport proteins based on their mechanism of action and energy is given, primary and secondary active carriers, etc. are described.

Physiology of metabolism
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline: to give a complete picture of the processes in the metabolism and energy and its constituent parts in their unity and relationship with the environment. As a result of studying the discipline, the doctoral student will be able to: 1. Describe the molecular basis of the nervous and hormonal regulation of body functions; 2. Explain the specifics of the principles of the functioning of the body; 3. To master the understanding of the mechanisms of the regulation of physiological processes at the molecular-cellular levels of the organization of the human body; 4. To substantiate the need for management (regulation) functions of the body functions on the basis of ideas about the processes of vital activity of the organism and their individual structural elements from the standpoint of classical physiology and system analysis; 5. Carry out a study relevant to the experimental substantiation of the molecular basis of physiological functions. The course considers a set of physical, chemical and physiological processes of transformation of substances and energy in living organisms, as well as the exchange of substances and energy between the body and the environment.

The Basic Principles of time Organization of Biological systems
  • Type of control - [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
  • Description - The purpose of the discipline is to form skills that allow analyzing and substantiating the features of the temporal organization of biological processes in biosystems of different levels of organization from cellular to organismal and population based on the idea of time as a factor of life. As a result of studying the discipline, the doctoral candidate will be able to: 1. analyze and be able to understand the basic characteristics of the rhythms of the studied processes and the phenomena of vital activity of biosystems of different levels of organization from cellular to organismal, applying biorhythmic approaches when considering any studied biological phenomena; 2. possess the skills of calculating the structural parameters of rhythms and determine the structural parameters of the observed rhythms; 3. justify the achievements of chronobiology and the prospects for its development based on a systematic understanding of the methods and concepts of chrobiology; 4. explain the nature and mechanisms of rhythmic processes based on an understanding of the endogenous and exogenous nature of biological rhythms; 5. be able to adequately interpret the chronostructural characteristics of biological rhythms, taking into account new achievements of chronobiology. Discipline is aimed at studying time and rhythmic processes in living organisms and involves the formation and development of doctoral students a deep understanding of the biological meaning of the physiological mechanisms of generating biorhythms in the body. Special attention is paid to the study of rhythmic process markers, as well as biological rhythms in normal conditions and pathology, their connection with the rhythms of the surrounding world, desynchronosis and methods for their correction.

Data for 2019-2022 years

INTERNSHIPS

Pedagogical
  • Type of control - Защита практики
  • Description - Aim оf discipline: formation of the ability to carry out educational activities in universities, to design the educational process and conduct certain types of training sessions using innovative educational technologies. During the study of course, masters should be competent in: 1. develop the taught discipline in an amount sufficient for the analytical assessment, selection and implementation of the module of the academic discipline, taking into account the level of preparedness of students, their needs, as well as the requirements of the State Educational Establishment of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2. to develop the specifics of the organization and conduct of various types of classes in higher educational institutions (lecture, seminar, laboratory and practical); 3. apply the basic means of assessing students' academic achievements; 4. analyze the educational and methodological literature and use it to build your own presentation of program material; 5. prepare plans for seminars, practical classes, laboratory work in accordance with established methodological and methodological approaches. During the study of the discipline masters will learn following aspects: Acquaintance with the goals, objectives and content of teaching practice; drawing up of the schedule of consultations, kinds of the reporting and terms of their granting. Harmonization of the individual plan of the scientific and pedagogical practice of the undergraduate. Implementation of educational-methodical tasks coordinated with the head of practice. Visiting and analyzing the training sessions conducted by the teachers of the department. Acquaintance with the organization of scientific, methodical and educational work (plans, normative documents regulating the pedagogical process) at the faculty / at the university and the department. Development (at least 10 lessons) and conducting classes with students. Carrying out activities on the designated activities (scientific and methodological seminars, conferences, scientific circles, educational events). Preparation of an article of a scientific and methodical nature. Drawing up a report on scientific and pedagogical practice.

Research
  • Type of control - Защита практики
  • Description - Рurpose of practice: gaining experience in researching an urgent scientific problem, expanding professional knowledge gained in the learning process, and developing practical skills in conducting independent scientific work In the course of practice, form the ability: -critically evaluate scientific literature on the topic of scientific research; -to formulate topical scientific problems, directions, research hypotheses; -plan and organize research activities; - to assess the validity of the methods used in scientific research; -create research products, broadcast your own research results.

Data for 2019-2022 years